Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopic surgery, also called as Minimal invasive surgery or Keyhole surgery is the recent advances in the field of surgery in the last 3 decades. All the surgical problems of the gastrointestinal and gynaecological system can be operated by laparoscopic method.

The surgeries of different organs of the body starting from the appendix, gallbladder, oesophagus, stomach, small & large intestine, Liver, Pancreas, spleen and gynaecological organs can be operated by laparoscopic method. All the operations in the abdomen are performed through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.0 cm) as compared to larger incisions needed in traditional surgical procedures. Laparoscopic surgery has truly marked the beginning of new era. The benefits of laparoscopic surgery are:

  • Small incisions and faster healing
  • The scars are small and rarely visible after 3 months
  • Less pain and discomfort
  • Reduced risk of incisional hernias
  • Less stress on body's defences
  • Shorter hospital Time
  • Quick recovery
  • Less blood loss which decreases the need for blood transfusion

Common procedures like Laparoscopic Appendicectomy, Cholecystectomy (Removal of gallbladder for stone disease), and Hernia repair to advanced surgeries like laparoscopic esophageal and gastric resections, Laparoscopic liver resections, Laparoscopic splenectomy have been successfully performed.These surgeries can be performed as day care procedures where the patient can go home on the same day of surgery.

Procedures like Appendicectomy, Cholecystectomy, Tubectomy, Diagnostic laparoscopy, Hernia are performed as day care procedures where the patient can go home on the same day of surgery.

Recently laparoscopic colorectal surgery has replaced all the open procedures for colorectal surgery. This surgery has proved equally successful as open surgery for colorectal cancer with a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a revolutionary new way of performing laparoscopic surgery in which only one small (1.5 – 2 cm) incision is made to carry out an operation.

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (Removal of Uterus) made the procedure so simple that the patient will not realize that she has undergone a major procedure.

In the present days, most of the abdominal surgeries are performed by laparoscopic method. However the surgeon should be acquainted with the open surgery also, because in some difficult situation, few cases need to be converted to open method in case of technical difficulty.

Reasons why you may have an open procedure or that may lead your surgeon to switch during the procedure from laparoscopic to open:
  1. Less experienced team
  2. Presence of any dense scar or fibrosis
  3. Surgeon is unable to view the organs clearly due to any reasons.
  4. Bleeding during surgery

his method of surgery is good for all ages of people who don’t want to stay in hospital for long time, not willing to take more medicines after surgery. Patients can get back to active life and can resume their professional work in the first week of surgery. Cosmetically it’s very good, after 3 months of surgery hardly the scars are visible in the body.